Middelkoop and Kwadijk, 2001
This excerpt has been prepared by Mareen E. Hofmann in the context of
the ADAM "Meta-analysis of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation (CCIVA)
assessments in Europe". Please note that the corresponding study was not
itself a part of the ADAM project!
Middelkoop, H.; Kwadijk, J. C. J.: Towards integrated assessment of the implications of global change for water management - The Rhine experience. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part B: Hydrology, Oceans and Atmosphere, 26(7-8): 553-560; 2001
You should take a look at this study if you are interested in:
environmental issue: Climate; Water resources
region: Rhine river basin; Meuse river basin; Rhine river basin; Meuse river basin; The Netherlands; Rhine river catchment; Meuse river catchment
One sentence summary:
The paper presents project results, which investigated the impact of climate change on the discrepancies between water supply and demand in the Rhine and Meuse rivers in the Netherlands, where the demands for flood protection, inland navigation, ecology, hydropower, water availability for agriculture, industry and drinking are high even today.
type of study: Impact projection
1. Impacts of climate change on water supply and demand in the Rhine and Meuse rivers
• No specific results are provided by the abstract.
 "Studies show an increase in winter flows and decrease in summer flows in the Rhine (Middelkoop and Kwadijk, 2001), Slovakian rivers (Szolgay et al., 2004), the Volga and central and eastern Europe (Oltchev et al., 2002)."
quoted from IPCC AR4 II, p.549
Key future impacts and vulnerabilities Water resources
 "Droughts and the associated reduced runoff may affect river navigation on major thoroughfares such as the Rhine (Middelkoop and Kwadijk, 2001) and shrinkage and subsidence may damage infrastructure (Highways Agency, 2005a)."
quoted from IPCC AR4 II, p.556
Key future impacts and vulnerabilities Energy and transport : Transport
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